The resources on this page will assist carers to understand child development and how to support children in their care as they grow and develop.

Developmental stages

Parenting SA have released an Easy Guide for parents and carers of children 0 to 4 years to explain important developmental milestones and how to recognise when an infant’s behaviour may be ‘out of step’ with the usual developmental trajectory.

Emerging Minds leads the National Workforce Centre for Child Mental Health, and produces resources to advance the mental health and emotional wellbeing of Australian infants, children, adolescents and their families. The following resources will help carers to understand child development and how to support the child in their care through different life stages:

The Raising Children Network is an Australian Government funded website that provides evidence-based tips and tools for everyday parenting from pregnancy to teens. The following webpages contain short video resources about parenting at different stages of a child’s development:

Parenting skills

The Australian Childhood Foundation is a national not-for-profit organisation that provides therapeutic services, educational programs and creative resources aimed at ensuring that all children are raised in relationships that are safe, caring and respectful. The following resources will assist carers to reflect about what is important to them in raising children, how they communicate with children and how they can learn and grow alongside children:

Parenting SA supports parents and caregivers through the provision of quality information, and publishes Parent Easy Guides on a wide range of topics from birth to 18 years. The website also provides links to information and support, and seminars and videos on topics of relevance to parents and carers.

The Child and Family Health Services (CaFHS) Parent Helpline (1300 364 100) provides telephone information and support for parents and carers of children from birth to five years living in South Australia at any time, seven days a week. It is staffed by qualified nurses, social workers and community health workers who receive ongoing training and support.

Supporting development

Emerging Minds release podcasts of conversations with experts on a variety of topics related to children’s social and emotional wellbeing. Carers may be interested in the following episodes:


Night terrors are very dramatic awakenings that happen during the first few hours of sleep at night. They can be very distressing to watch, as your child may seem extremely disturbed and upset, and can be very hard to console them. Night terrors are not the same as nightmares.

About five per cent of children have night terrors. They usually happen in preschool and primary school-aged children. Night terrors will not have any long-term effects on your child, and your child will most likely grow out of them.

Royal Children's Hospital - night terrors factsheet

Raising Children - night terrors factsheet

Nightmares are bad dreams that can wake children up and leave them feeling scared and upset. Be patient if your child has a nightmare. They might need you to reassure them that everything is OK. If your child has a lot of nightmares, think about what they're doing or seeing during the day that might trigger the nightmares.

Raising Children - nightmares factsheet

Bedwetting is a common problem for many school-age children. The good news is that for many children the problem will resolve itself over time, or can be fixed through fairly simple treatment.

Royal Children's Hospital - bedwetting factsheet

Raising Children - bedwetting factsheet

Page last updated: 3 February 2022